By Gary Althen Amanda R. Doran Susan J. Szmania
Touring to the USA quickly? If the concept of prolonged publicity between american citizens turns out daunting, enable American methods: A consultant for Foreigners within the usa assist you organize. during this revised version, Gary Althen has additional fabric to supply the clearest insights but into the yank psyche and tradition, together with the rewritten bankruptcy methods of Reasoning, which gives one of many best-organized and clearest displays of yankee notion tactics up to now, and a brand new bankruptcy on race and ethnic family members that compares how overseas viewers and american citizens alike understand American subcultures. inside of such a lot chapters Althen has integrated a brand new part, feedback for overseas viewers, including one other sensible measurement to the booklet. American methods covers all of the uncomplicated wishes of the international scholar or businessperson, protecting the tendencies and customs of daily actions like using, purchasing and verbal and nonverbal verbal exchange in addition to the extra esoteric customs relating to cultural values, politics, schooling, faith and male-female relationships. As a finished advent to American tradition, American methods will arrange you for dwelling, learning and dealing in the USA. it really is that little tiny stuff which can impact how humans get along....[T]here are plenty and many assorted [cues] on an underlying, unstated level.-Gary Althen Althen offers suggestion to overseas viewers to the U.S. that's meant to assist them comprehend the motivations, attitudes, conversation types, and activities of american citizens. Emphasizing the translation of saw habit, he covers methods of reasoning and American rules approximately politics, kinfolk lifestyles, schooling, faith, the media, social relationships, racial and ethnic range, male-female relationships, activities and sport, using, procuring, own hygiene, and organizational and public habit. Over-generalization is an comprehensible risk in one of these paintings as this, yet Althen does make the effort to stress that there are adaptations between americans, whereas he concentrates at the similarities.-Book information ContentsPreface to the second one EditionAcknowledgmentsIntroductionPart I: basic principles approximately American Culture1 American Values and Assumptions 2 The Communicative kind of Americans3 methods of Reasoning4 alterations in CustomsPart II: particular features of yankee Life5 Politics6 family members Life7 Education8 Religion9 The Media10 Social Relationships11 Racial and Ethnic Diversity12 Male-Female Relationships13 activities and Recreation14 Driving15 Shopping16 own Hygiene17 Getting issues Done18 habit in Public Places19 Studying20 BusinessPart III: dealing with Cultural Differences21 a few precious Ideas22 actions for studying approximately American CultureConclusionBibliographyAbout the writer
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Extra resources for American Ways: A Guide for Foreigners in the United States, 2nd Edition
In the late 1900s, social scientists who studied cultural differences published extensively about differences between individualistic and collectivistic societies. Some of their articles offered observations that can be quite helpful to collectivists and others trying to understand American culture. Two examples follow; both mention ideas that are addressed elsewhere in this book. To transcend the distance between self and others, people in individualistic societies have to develop a certain set of social skills.
They dislike being the subjects of open displays of respect—being bowed to, deferred to, or treated as though they could do no wrong or make no unreasonable requests. AMERICAN VALUES AND ASSUMPTIONS 15 It is not just males who are created equal, in the American mindset, but females too. While Americans may violate the ideal in practice (for example, women continue to be paid less, on average, than do men in similar jobs), they do generally assume that women and men are equal, deserving of the same level of respect.
Any list of values and assumptions is inherently arbitrary. Depending on how one defines and categorizes things, one could make a three-item or a thirty-item list of a country’s major values and assumptions. The list of- AMERICAN VALUES AND ASSUMPTIONS 5 fered below has eight entries, each covering a set of closely related values and assumptions commonly held by Americans: individualism, freedom, competitiveness, and privacy; equality; informality; the future, change, and progress; goodness of humanity; time; achievement, action, work, and materialism; and directness and assertiveness.