Aesthetical and Philosophical Essays by Friedrich Schiller

By Friedrich Schiller

The unique topic of the better a part of the letters and essays of Schiller contained during this quantity is Aesthetics; and earlier than passing to any feedback on his remedy of the topic will probably be invaluable to provide a couple of observations at the nature of this subject, and on its remedy by way of the philosophical spirit of alternative ages.
First, then, aesthetics has for its item the enormous realm of the gorgeous, and it can be so much safely outlined because the philosophy of paintings or of the high-quality arts. to a couple the definition could appear arbitrary, as except for the gorgeous in nature; however it will stop to seem so whether it is remarked that the wonder that is the murals is better than normal attractiveness, since it is the offspring of the brain. in addition, if, in conformity with a undeniable tuition of recent philosophy, the brain be seen because the precise being, together with all in itself, it has to be admitted that attractiveness is simply really attractive whilst it stocks within the nature of brain, and is mind’s offspring.
Viewed during this gentle, the great thing about nature is simply a mirrored image of the wonderful thing about the brain, in basic terms a less than excellent attractiveness, which as to its essence is incorporated in that of the brain. Nor has it ever entered into the brain of any philosopher to enhance the attractive in traditional gadgets, for you to convert it right into a technological know-how and a process. the sector of average attractiveness is simply too doubtful and too fluctuating for this goal. in addition, the relation of good looks in nature and wonder in paintings types part of the technology of aesthetics, and unearths back its right place…

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For example, the intellectual man has the ideal of virtue, of truth, and of happiness; but the active man will only practise virtues, will only grasp truths, and enjoy happy days. The business of physical and moral education is to bring back this multiplicity to unity, to put morality in the place of manners, science in the place of knowledge; the business of aesthetic education is to make out of beauties the beautiful. Energetic beauty can no more preserve a man from a certain residue of savage violence and harshness than graceful beauty can secure him against a certain degree of effeminacy and weakness.

It is certainly a matter entitled to reflection that, at almost all the periods of history when art flourished and taste held sway, humanity is found in a state of decline; nor can a single instance be cited of the union of a large diffusion of aesthetic culture with political liberty and social virtue, of fine manners associated with good morals, and of politeness fraternizing with truth and loyalty of character and life. As long as Athens and Sparta preserved their independence, and as long as their institutions were based on respect for the laws, taste did not reach its maturity, art remained in its infancy, and beauty was far from exercising her empire over minds.

If you confess the truth because it is the truth, and if you practise justice because it is justice, you have made of a particular case the law of all possible cases, and treated one moment of your life as eternity. Accordingly, when the formal impulse holds sway and the pure object acts in us, the being attains its highest expansion, all barriers disappear, and from the unity of magnitude in which man was enclosed by a narrow sensuousness, he rises to the unity of idea, which embraces and keeps subject the entire sphere of phenomena.

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