By Jantien E. Stoter
The rise in inner most estate price, development of underground and multilevel improvement, and the emergence of 3D applied sciences in making plans and GIS drives the necessity to checklist 3D events in cadastral registration. 3D Cadastre in a global Context: criminal, Organizational, and Technological features demonstrates the right way to checklist 3D eventualities so one can increase perception into overlapping buildings. This ebook emphasizes the technical points of cadastral registration, concentrating on 4 major issues: context (in which 3D events in seven nations are studied); the framework for modeling second and 3D occasions; types for a 3D cadastre; and consciousness of a 3D cadastre. The publication offers initial ideas for matters with regards to effective tools for 3D information assortment, 3D facts structuring and modeling, association of 2nd and 3D items in a single setting, 3D database construction and 3D studying.
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Additional info for 3D Cadastre in an International Context: Legal, Organizational, and Technological Aspects
Infrastructure objects are or can be used for telecommunication and they may all fall under this law. The registration of telecom networks is done in the following way. If a telecom network is transferred, the holder of a telecom network offers the spatial description (center line) of the network to the cadastre. , on a parcel where a network substation is located. 2). On all parcels intersecting with the network an object restriction (legal notification) can be registered. 104 According to Articles 174 and 175 of Book 6 of the Dutch Civil Code the manager of the cable or pipeline is always responsible for damage caused by a defect in the cable or pipeline or by hazardous material transported through the pipeline whether the manager is the legal owner or not.
The vertical dimension of a right of easement can be relevant in 3D situations, for example, when a right of easement is established for a bridge above the serving parcel or for a pipeline that crosses a parcel. It is also possible to establish a right of easement for a building on a serving parcel. In all these cases 3D insight into the real situation can be improved by a 3D cadastral map indicating the space to which the right applies. In some countries, it is also possible to establish a right similar to a right of easement without linking it to a dominant parcel.
Most countries have introduced legal instruments to establish the ownership of apartment units, such as apartment rights (condominium rights) and strata titles. 2 Every apartment owner has the full ownership of a part of the building (apartment). The communal areas of the building, such as staircases Copyright © 2006 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC P1: Naresh January 19, 2006 14:52 3932 3932˙Book Scope of a 3D Cadastre 25 and elevators, are held in co-ownership. This can be described as compulsory coownership, or an accessory restricted co-ownership — “accessory” because it cannot be separated from the ownership of the apartment, “restricted” because during the time the building is divided into apartments, the separation and division of the common areas is not possible.